Research Publications

Refereed Journal Papers

  1. Embabi, M., Shen, X.W., Tuccitto, A.V., Kweon, M.S., Pehlert, G., Serles, P., Filleter, T., Park, C.B., Lee, P.C., “In-situ Visualization of Extensional Flow-Induced Crystallization in Polypropylene Under High Pressure CO2”, ACS Applied Polymer Materials, Accepted, 2024.
  2. Sansone, N.D., Jung, J., Serles, P., Aguiar, R., Razzaz, Z., Leroux, M., Filleter, T., Ryu, S., Lee, P.C., “Synergistic Effect in Bio-Inspired Hierarchical Graphene Nanoplatelet and Glass Fiber Hybrid Composites”, Chemical Engineering Journal, 487, 150357, 2024.
  3. Aguiar, R., Sansone, N.D., Anstey, A., Cheung, N., Razzaz, Z., Leroux, M., Lee, P.C., “Designing the Microstructural Architecture of Bioinspired Hierarchical Hybrid Nanocomposites”, Advanced Composites and Hybrid Materials, 7(49), 2024. doi: 10.1007/s42114-024-00854-1.
  4. Choi, S., Zhao, J., Lee, P.C., Choi, D., “The Effect of Coupling Agents and Graphene on the Mechanical Properties of Film based Post-Consumer Recycled Plastic”, Polymers, 16, 380, 2024. doi: 10.3390/polym16030380.
  5. Rahman, S.S., Mahmud, M.B., Salehi, A., Mondared, A.R., Islam, M.A., Filleter, T., Lee, P.C., Park, C.B., “Mechanically Strong and Fully Transparent PMMA Composite with Greatly Improved Toughness and Superior Impact Strength Incorporating PEBA Nanofibrils”, Chemical Engineering Journal, 480, 148311, 2023. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2023.148311.
  6. Pin, J.M., Soltani, I., Negrier, K., Lee, P.C., “Recyclability of Post-Consumer Polystryrene at Pilot Scale: Comparison of Mechanical and Solvent-Based Recycling Approaches”, Polymers, 15(24), 4714, 2023. doi: 10.3390/polym15244714.
  7. Monfared, A.R., Rezaei, S., Rahman, S.S., Nakamura, Y., Zaoui, A., Hosseinali, O., Lee, P.C., Park, C.B., “Unleashing the Power of SAN: Innovative In Situ Fibrillation and Moisture-Crosslinking Techniques Yield Stronger, Tougher, and Greener Material than ABS”, Composites Part B, 268, 111103, 2024. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2023.111103.
  8. Kim, E.S., Lu, M., Zhang, R., Lee, P.C., “Nanofibrillar Self-Reinforced Cyclic Olefin Copolymer Composite Foam with High Toughness and Thermal Insulation”, Composites Science and Technology, 244, 110306, 2023. doi: 10.1016/j.compscitech.2023.110306.
  9. Mahmud, M.B., Rahman, S.S., Fashandi, M., Lee, P.C., Park, C.B., “Hydrophillic-to-Hydrophobic Conversion of PA6-Based Mat via PVDF Nanofiber Integration with Enhanced Oil-Water Separation”, Materials Today Sustainability, 24, 100559, 2023. doi: 10.1016/j.mtsust.2023.100559.
  10. Kim, E.S., Lee, P.C., “Fabrication of Strong Self-Reinforced Polyethylene Terephthalate Composites Through the In Situ Nanofibrillation Technology”, Processes, 11 (5), 1434, 2023. doi: 10.3390/pr11051434.
  11. Zheng, H., Huang, P., Lee, P.C., Chang, N., Zhao, Y., Su, Y., Wu, F., Liu, X., Zheng, W., “Lightweight Olefin Block Copolymers Foams with Shrinkable and Recoverable Performance via Supercritical CO2 Foaming”, Journal of Supercritical Fluids, 200, 105981, 2023. doi: 10.1016/j.supflu.2023.105981.
  12. Hasanzadeh, R., Azdast, T., Lee, R.E., Lee, P.C., Park, C.B., “A Review of the State-of-the-Art on Thermal Insulation Performance of Polymeric Foams”, Thermal Science and Engineering Progress, 41, 101808, 2023. doi:10.1016/j.tsep.2023.101808.
  13. Rahman, S.S., Mahmud, M.B., Mondared, A.R., Lee, P.C., Park, C.B., “Achieving Outstanding Toughness of PMMA while Retaining its Strength, Stiffness, and Transparency using In situ Developed TPEE Nanofibrils”, Composites Science and Technology, 236, 109994, 2023. doi:10.1016/j.compscitech.2023.109994.
  14. Zhao, C., Zhao, J., Mark, L.H., Chen, Z., Soltani, I., Lee, P.C., Park, C.B., “A Novel Strategy of Implementing Coupling Agents in Micro/Nano-fibrillated Composites”, Polymer, 273, 125837, 2023. doi: 10.1016/j.polymer.2023.125837.
  15. Salari, M., Sansone, N.D., Razzaz, Z., Taromsori, S.M., Leroux, M., Park, C.B., Lee, P.C., “Insights into Synergy-Induced Multifunctional Property Enhancement Mechanisms in Hybrid Graphene Nanoplatelet Reinforced Polymer Composites”, Chemical Engineering Journal, 463, 142406, 2023. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2023.142406.
  16. Lan X., Huang, P., Chong, Y., Wu, F., Su, Y., Luo, H., Lee, P.C., Zheng, W., “Autoclave Foaming and Steam-chest Molding of Polypropylene/Polybutene-1 Blend Bead Foams and Their Crystallization and Mechanical Properties”, Journal of Cellular Plastics, 59(1) 29-45, 2023. doi:10.1177/0021955X221150863.
  17. Embabi, M., Kweon, M., Anstey, A., Tuccitto, A., Park, C.B., Shivokhin, M., Lee, P.C., “Effect of Ethylene Comonomer Content on the Foam Processing Window of Long-Chain Branched Polypropylene”, ACS Applied Polymer Materials, in press, 2023. doi:10.1021/acsapm.2c02106.
  18. Mendoza-Cedeno, S., Embabi, M., Chang, E., Kweon, M., Shivokhin, M., Pehlert, G., Lee, P.C., “Influence of Molecular Weight on High- and Low-expansion Foam Injection Molding using Linear Polypropylene”,  Polymer, 266, 125611 2023. doi: 10.1016/j.polymer.2022.125611.
  19. Lu,Y., Lyu, D., Han, C., Yang, X., Lee, P.C., Men, Y., “Crystallization of Polybutene-1 into Form I’, II, and III under High Pressure CO2: In situ Synchrotron X-ray Diffraction, WAXD Mapping, and DSC Investigations”, Macromolecules, 55, 10534-10542, 2022. doi: 10.1021/acs.macromol.2c01807.
  20. Huang, P., Wu, F., Su, Y., Luo, H., Lan, X., Lee, P.C., Zheng, W., “Supercritical CO2 foaming of open-cell PP/EPDM composite foams with oriented cellular structures for water treatment”, Journal of Applied Polymer Science, e53068, 2022. doi: 10.1002/app.53068.
  21. Sansone, N.D., Razzaz, Z., Salari, M., Tuccitto, A.V., Aguiar, R., Leroux, M., Lee, P.C., “Tailoring Multifunctional and Lightweight Hierarchical Hybrid Graphene Nanoplatelet and Glass Fiber Composites”, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2022. doi: 10.1021/acsami.2c11231.
  22. Su, Y., Huang, P., Zhao, Y., Zheng, W., Lan, X., Luo, H., Chong, Y., Lee, P.C., Xu, L., “Lightweight Polypropylene/Polylactic Acid Composite Foams with Controllable Hollow Radially Gradient Porous Structures for Oil/Water Separation”, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 61(30), 10982–10989, 2022. doi:
  23. Huang, P., Chen, J., Su, Y., Luo, H., Lee, P.C., Lan, X., Wang, L., Shen, B., Wu, F.*, Zheng, W., “Transforming Waste Polystyrene into High-Performance Porous Frames with Tunable Cellular Structures via Supercritical Nitrogen Foaming”, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 61(30), 11089–11097, 2022. doi: 10.1021/acs.iecr.2c01709.
  24. Tuccitto, A., Anstey, A., Sansone, N., Park, C.B., Lee, P.C., “Controlling Stereocomplex Crystal Morphology in Poly(lactide) through Chain Alignment”, International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 218, 22-32, 2022. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2022.07.081.
  25. Embabi, M., Kweon, M., Wang, Y.X., Lin, T.P., Lopez-Barron, C., Lee, P.C., “Foaming Performance of Linear Polypropylene Ionomers”, Macromolecules, 55, 5645-5655, 2022. doi: 10.1021/acs.macromol.2c00759.
  26. Huang, P., Su, Y., Lee, P.C., Luo, H., Lan, X., Zhang, L., Shen, B., Wang, L., Zheng, W., “Extruded Polypropylene Foams with Radially Gradient Porous Structures and Selective Filtration Property via Supercritical CO2 Foaming”, Journal of CO2 Utilization, 60, 1001995, 2022. doi: 10.1016/j.jcou.2022.
  27. Lee, J.H, Mahmood, S.H., Pin, J.M., Lee, P.C., Park, C.B., “Determination of CO2 Solubility in Semi-crystalline Polylactic Acid with Consideration of Rigid Amorphous Fraction”, International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 204, 274-283, 2022. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2022.01.182.
  28. Kweon, M., Embabi, M., Shivokhin, M., Gupta, A., Yan, X., Pehlert, G., Lee, P.C., “Tuning high and low temperature foaming behavior of linear and long-chain branched polypropylene via partial and complete melting”, Polymers, 14(1), 44, 2022. doi: 10.3390/polym14010044.
  29. Zhang, R., Kim, E.S., Romero-Diez, S., Wang, Y., Huang, G., Li, K., Yang, Y., Lee, P.C., “Supercritical Fluid Foaming of Nanoscale Phase Patterned Structures: an Approach to Lightweight Hierarchical Porous Foams with Superior Thermal Insulation”, Chemical Engineering Journal, 431, 1334990, 2022. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2021.133490.
  30. Chang, E., Zhao, J., Zhao, C., Li, G., Lee, P.C., Park, C.B., “Scalable Production of Crosslinked Rubber Nanofibre Networks as Highly Efficient Toughening Agent for Isotactic Polypropylene: Toughening Mechanism of Non-traditional Anisotropic Rubber Inclusion”, Chemical Engineering Journal, 438, 134060, 2022. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2021.134060.
  31. Anstey, A., Tuccitto, A., Lee, P.C., Park, C.B., “Generation of Tough, Stiff Polylactide Nanocomposites through the In Situ Nanofibrillation of Thermoplastic Elastomer”, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 14(12), 14422-14437, 2022. doi: 10.1021/acsami.1c13836.
  32. Chen, Z., Faysal A.A., Embabi, M., Yu, L., Park, C.B., Lee, P.C., “A Path to Nano-Cellular Foams: Constrained Cell Nucleation and Growth in Micro-/Nano-Layered Structures”, Polymer, 235, 124272, 2021. doi: 10.1016/j.polymer.2021.124272.
  33. Pin, J.M., Anstey, A., Schubnell, M., Lee, P.C., “Two-Dimensional Correlation Analysis of iPP Bead Foaming Thermal Features Modeled by Fast Scanning Calorimetry”, ACS Macro Letters, 10, 1280-1286, 2021. doi: 10.1021/acsmacrolett.1c00435.
  34. Mendoza-Cedeno, S., Kweon, M., Newby, S., Shivokhin, M., Pehlert, G., Lee, P.C., “Improved Cell Morphology and Surface Roughness in High Temperature Foam Injection Molding Using a Long Chain Branched Polypropylene”, Polymers, 13, 2404, 2021. doi:10.3390/polym13152404.
  35. Gasek, N., Park, H.E., Uriarte, J.J., Uhl, F.E., Pouliot, R., Riveron, A., Moss, T., Phillips, Z., Louie, J., Sharma, I., Mohammed, B., Dearborn, J., Lee, P.C., Jensen, T., Garner, J., Finck, C., Weiss, D.J., “Development of Alginate and Gelatin-Based Pleural and Tracheal Sealants”, Acta Biomaterialia, 131, 222-235, 2021. doi:10.1016/j.actbio.2021.06.048.
  36. (Invited) Md Shahin, A.N., Shaayegana, V., Lee, P.C., Park, C.B., “In Situ Visualization for Control of Nano-fibrillation Based on Spunbond Processing Using a Polypropylene/Polyethylene Terephthalate System”, International Polymer Processing, 36(3), 332-244, 2021. doi: 10.1515/ipp-2020-4072.
  37. Zhao, C., Wang, J., Zhao, B., Chang, E., Lee, P.C., Park, C.B., “Electrically Percolated Nanofibrillar Composites with Core-Sheath Structures from Completely Wet Ternary Polymer Blends,” Chemical Engineering Journal, 419, 129603, 2021. doi: 10.1016/j.cej.2021.129603.
  38. Romero-Diez, S., Kweon, M., Kim, E.S., Gupta, A., Yan, X., Pehlert, G., Park, C.B., Lee, P.C., “In situ Visualization of Crystal Nucleation and Growth Behaviors of Linear and Long Chain Branched Polypropylene under Shear and CO2 Pressure”, Polymer, 213, 123215, 2021. doi: 10.1016/j.polymer.2020.123215.
  39. (Invited, Top Cited Article 2021-2022) Zhao, C., Mark L.H, Kim, E.S., Chang, E., Park, C.B., Lee, P.C., “Recent Progress on Micro-/Nano-fibrillar Reinforced Polymeric Composite Foams”, Polymer Engineering and Science, 61, 926-941, 2021. doi: 10.1002/pen.25643.
  40. Anstey, A., Chang, E., Kim E.S., Rizvi, A., Kakroodi, A., Park, C.B., Lee, P.C., “Nanofibrillated Polymer Systems: Design, Application, and Current State of the Art”, Progress in Polymer Science, 113, 101346, 2021. doi: 10.1016/j.progpolymsci.2020.101346.
  41. Zhang, R., Kim, E.S., Romero-Diez, S., Wang, Y., Huang, G., Li, A., Yang, Y., Lee, P.C., “Cyclic Olefin Copolymer Foam: A Promising Polyolefin Thermal Insulation Material”, Chemical Engineering Journal, 409, 128251, 2021. doi:10.1016/j.cej.2020.128251.
  42. Pin, J.M., Tuccitto, A., Shivokhin, M.E., Lee, P.C., “Linking Ethylene Co-monomer Content and StereoStructure to Polycrystallinity and Foam Density of Random Copolymers of Polypropylene”, Polymer, 212, 123123, 2021. doi: 10.1016/j.polymer.2020.123123.
  43. Pin, J.M., Anstey, A., Park, C.B., Lee, P.C., “Exploration of Polymer Calorimetric Glass Transition Phenomenology by Two-dimensional Correlation Analysis”, Macromolecules, In press, 2020. doi:10.1021/acs.macromol.0c01819.
  44. Zhou, F., Tsai, J.T., Jo, S., Kim, G., Lee, P.C., Jun, M.B.G., “In-Situ Monitoring of Solidification Process of PVA Solution by Fiber Optic Sensor Technique”, IEEE Sensors Journal, in press, 2020. doi: 10.1109/JSEN.2020.3040571.
  45. Qiao, Y., Liu, J., Zhao, J., Xu, M., Qi, Q., Chen Z., Men, Y., Park, C.B., Lee, P.C., “Promotion of Form I’ in the Polymorph Selection of Polybutene-1 During Crystallization under High Gas/Supercritical Fluid Pressure via Enhancing Chain Mobility”, Macromolecules, 53(22), 10069-10077, 2020 doi: 10.1021/acs.macromol.0c01986.
  46. Embabi, M., Kweon, M., Chen, Z., Lee, P.C., “Tunable Tensile Properties of Polypropylene and Polyethylene Terephthalate Fibrillar Blend Through Micro-/Nano-Layered Extrusion Technology”, Polymers, 12, 2585, 2020. doi: 10.3390/polym12112585.
  47. Xu, M., Lu, J., Qiao, Y., Wei, L., Liu, T., Lee, P.C., Zhao, L., Park, C.B., “Toughening Mechanism of Long-chain Branched Polyamide 6”, Materials and Design, 196, 1-8, 109173, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.matdes.2020.109173.
  48. Yao, S.X., Lee, P.C., Park, H.E., Schadler, L., “A Novel Method to Characterize Thermal Properties of The Polymer and Gas/Supercritical Fluid Mixture Using Dielectric Measurements”, Polymer Testing, 92, 1-7, 106861, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.polymertesting.2020.106861.
  49. Mahmud M.B., Anstey, A., Shayegaan V., Lee, P.C., Park, C.B., “Enhancing the Mechanical Performance of PA6 Based Composites by Altering Their Crystallization and Rheological Behavior via In-situ Generated PPS Nanofibrils”, Composites Part B., 195, 1-11, 108067, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2020.108067.
  50. Kim, E.S., Kweon, M., Romero-Diez, S., Gupta, A., Yan, X., Spofford, C., Pehlert, G., Lee, P.C., “Effects of Pressure Drop Rate and CO2 Content on the Foaming Behavior of Newly Developed High-Melt-Strength Polypropylene in Continuous Extrusion”, Journal of Cellular Plastics, 0021955X20943110, 2020. doi: 10.1177/0021955X20943110.
  51. Lee, R.E., Azdast, T., Wang, G., Wang, X., Lee, P.C., Park, C.B., “Highly Expanded Fine-Cell Foam of Polylactide/Polyhydroxyalkanoate/Nano-fibrillated Polytetrafluoroethylene Composites Blown with Mold-Opening Injection Molding”, International Journal of Biological Macromolecules, 155, 286-292, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2020.03.212.
  52. (Featured Article) Park, H.E., Gasek, N., Hwang, J., Weiss, D., Lee, P.C., “Effect of Temperature on Gelation and Cross-Linking of Methacrylated Gelatin for Biomedical Applications”, Physics of Fluids, 32, 1-11, 033102, 2020. doi: 10.1063/1.5144896.
  53. Zhao, C., Mark, L.H., Alshrah, M., Soltani, I., Lee, P.C., and Park, C.B., “Challenge in Manufacturing Nanofibril Composites with Low Matrix Viscosity: Effects of Matrix Viscosity and Fibril Content,” European Polymer Journal, 121, 109310, 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2019.109310.
  54. Zhao, C., Mark, L.H., Chang, E., Chu, R.K.M., Lee, P.C., Park, C.B., “Highly Expanded, Highly Insulating Polypropylene/Polybutylene-Terephthalate Composite Foams Manufactured by Nano-Fibrillation Technology”, Materials and Design, Vol 188, 108450, 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.matdes.2019.108450.
  55. Jalali, A., Hunealut, M.A., Nofar, M., Lee, P.C., and Park, C.B., “Effect of Branching on Flow-induced Crystallization of Poly (lactic acid)”, European Polymer Journal, 119, 410-420, 2019. doi: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2019.07.045 .
  56. Kim, E.S., Park, H.E., Lopez-Barron, C.R., Lee, P.C., “Enhanced Foamability with Shrinking Microfibers Enhance in Linear Polymer,” Polymers, 11, 211, 2019. doi: 10.3390/polym11020211.
  57. Kim, E.S., Huston, D.R., Lee, P.C., “Interlaminar prestressing reinforcement of epoxy/glass fiber composites,” Smart Materials and Structures, 28, 1-7, 2018. doi: 10.1088/1361-665X/aaefcd.
  58. Jordan, A.M., Lee, P.C., Thurber, C., Macosko, C.W., “Adapting a Capillary Rheometer for Research on Polymer Melt Interfaces,” Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 57, 14106-14113, 2018. doi: 10.1021/acs.iecr.8b03674.
  59. Romero-Diez, S., Hantsche, L., Pearl, J.M., Hitt, D., McDevitt, M.R., Lee, P.C., “A Single-Use Microthruster Concept For Small Satellite Attitude Control In Formation-Flying Applications,” Aerospace, 5, 2018. doi: 10.3390/aerospace5040119.
  60. Kim, E.S., Park, H.E., Lee, P.C., “In Situ Shrinking Fibers Enhance Strain Hardening and Foamability of Linear Polymers,” Polymer, 136, 1-5, 2018. doi: 10.1016/j.polymer.2017.12.040.
  61. Wrenn, S.M., Griswold, E.D., Uhl, F.E., Uriarte, J., Park, H.E., Coffey, A.L., Dearborn, J., Ahlers, B.A., Deng, B., Lam, Y.W., Huston, D., Lee, P.C., Wagner, D.E., Weiss, D.J., “Avian Lungs: a Novel Scaffold for Lung Bioengineering,” PLOS ONE, 13(6), 1-28, 2018. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0198956.
  62. Pang, Y., Wang, S., Wu, M., Liu, W., Wu, F., Lee, P.C. and Zheng, W. “Kinetics study of oil sorption with open‐cell polypropylene/polyolefin elastomer blend foams prepared via continuous extrusion foaming.” Polymers for Advanced Technologies 29.4, 2018. doi: 10.1002/pat.4243.
  63. TabkhPaz, M., Park, D.Y., Lee, P.C., Hugo, R. and Park, S.S. “Development of nanocomposite coatings with improved mechanical, thermal, and corrosion protection properties.” Journal of Composite Materials 52.8, 1045-1060, 2018. doi: 10.1177/0021998317720001.
  64. Yao, S.X., Lee, P.C., “A New Gas/Supercritical Fluid (SCF) Diffusivity Measurement Method for CO2 Saturated Polymer Systems Using Dielectric Property,” eXPRESS Polymer Letters, 11(8), 664-672, 2017. doi: 10.3144/expresspolymlett.2017.64.
  65. Lee, J.K., Yao, S.X., Li, G., Jun, M.B.G., Lee, P.C., “Measurement Methods for Solubility and Diffusivity of Supercritical Gases in Polymer and its Limitations,” Polymer Reviews, 1-53, 2017. doi: 10.1080/15583724.2017.1329209.
  66. Murphy, K.E., Bocanegra, J.L., Liu, X., Chau, K., Lee, P.C., Li, J., Schneebeli, S.T., “Precise Through Space Control of an Abiotic Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution Reaction,” Nature Communications, 8, 1-7, 2017. doi: 10.1038/ncomms14840.
  67. Kim, E.S., Lee, J.K., Lee, P.C., Huston, D., Tan, T., Alghamdi, S., “Reinforced Cementitous Composite with In-Situ Shrinking Microfibers,” Smart Materials and Structures, 26(3), 1-12, 2017. doi: 10.1088/1361-665X/aa5a2e.
  68. Ko, J., Ahsani, V., Yao, S. X., Khadem Mohtaram, N., Lee, P.C., Jun, M.B.G., “Fabricating and Controlling PCL Electrospun Microfibers using Filament Feeding Melt Electrospinning Technique,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 27(2), 1-11, 025007, 2017. doi: 10.1088/1361-6439/aa4fd9.
  69. Esmaeilirad, A., Ko, J., Rukosuyev, M.V., Lee, J.K., Lee, P.C., Jun, M.B.G., “The Effect of Nozzle-Exit-Channel Shape on Resultant Fiber Diameter in Melt-Electrospinning,” Materials Research Express, 4(1), 1-8, 015302, 2017. doi: 10.1088/2053-1591/4/1/015302.
  70. Dooley, J., Robacki, J., Jenkins, S., Wrisley, R., Lee, P.C., “The Development of Microlayer Blown Film Technology by Combining Film Die and Layer Multiplication Concepts,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 56, 598-604, 2016. doi: 10.1002/pen.24285.
  71. Lee, J.K., Ko, J., Jun, M.B.G., Lee, P.C., “Manufacturing and Characterization of Encapsulated Microfibers with Different Molecular Weight Poly (ε-caprolactone) (PCL) Resins Using a Melt Electrospinning Technique”, Materials Research Express, 3(2), 1-10, 025301, 2016. doi: 10.1088/2053-1591/3/2/025301.
  72. Ko, J.H., Jun, S.W., Lee, J.K., Lee, P.C., Jun, M.B.G., “Effects of Molecular Weight and Temperature on Fiber Diameter of Poly(epsilon-Caprolactone) Melt Electrospun Fiber,” Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers, 24, 160-165, 2015. doi: 10.7735/ksmte.2015.24.2.160.
  73. Ko, J.H., Khadem Mohtaram, N., Lee, P.C., Willerth, S.M., Jun, M.B.G., “Mathematical Model for Predicting Topographical Properties of Poly (ε-caprolactone) Melt Electrospun Scaffolds in Various Temperature and Linear Transitional Speed,” Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, 25(4), 1-11, 2015. doi: 10.1088/0960-1317/25/4/045018.
  74. Lee, P.C., Dietsche, L., Dooley, J., Parashar, S, “Improving Film Die Flow Uniformity Using Optimization Methods Coupled with Finite Element Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) Analysis,” International Polymer Processing, 30, 51-62, 2015. doi: 10.3139/217.2887.
  75. Ko, J., Bhullar, S., Cho, Y., Lee, P.C., Jun, M.B.G., “Design and Fabrication of Auxetic Stretchable Force Sensor for Hand Rehabilitation,” Smart Materials and Structures, 24(7), 1-8, 075027, 2015. doi: 10.1088/0964-1726/24/7/075027.
  76. Zhang, G., Lee, P.C., Jenkins, S., Dooley, J., Baer, E., “The Effect of Confined Spherulite Morphology of High-Density Polyethylene and Polypropylene on Their Gas Barrier Properties in Multilayered Film Systems,” Polymer, 55, 4521-4530, 2014. doi: 10.1016/j.polymer.2014.07.009.
  77. Zhang, G., Lee, P.C., Jenkins, S., Dooley, J., Baer, E., “The Effect of Confined Crystallization on High Density Poly(ethylene) Lamellar Morphology”, Polymer, 55, 663-672, 2014. doi: 10.1016/j.polymer.2013.12.027.
  78. Lee, P.C., Dooley, J., Robacki, J., Jenkins, S., Wrisley, R, “Improvements in Flex Oxygen Barrier Properties of Polymeric Films by Microlayer Coextrusion,” Journal of Plastic Film and Sheeting, 30, 234-247, 2014. doi: 10.1177/8756087913506728.
  79. Ko, J.H., Khadem Mohtaram, N., Farid, A., Carlson, M., Lee, P.C., Willerth S.M., Jun, M.B.G., “Fabrication of Poly (epsilon-caprolactone) Microfiber Scaffolds with Varying Topography and Mechanical Properties for Stem cell-based Tissue Engineering Applications”, Journal of Biomaterials Science: Polymer Edition, 25, 1-17, 2014. doi: 10.1080/09205063.2013.830913.
  80. Lee, P.C., Dooley, J., “Experimental and Numerical Analysis of Micro/Nanolayer Coextrusion,” Journal of Plastic Film and Sheeting, 29, 76-96, 2013. doi: 10.1177/8756087912450698.
  81. Rizvi, R., Cochrane, B., Naguib, H., Lee, P.C., “Fabrication and Characterization of Melt-Blended Polylactide-Chitin Composites and Their Foams,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 47, 283-300, 2011. doi: 10.1177/0021955X11402549.
  82. Wang, J., Lee, P.C., Park, C.B., “Visualization of Initial Expansion Behavior of Butane-Blown Low-Density Polyethylene Foam at Extrusion Die Exit,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 51, 492-499, 2011. doi: 10.1002/pen.21803.
  83. Park, H.E., Lee, P.C., Macosko, C.W., “Polymer-Polymer Interfacial Slip by Direct Visualization and by Stress Reduction,” Journal of Rheology, 54, 1207-1218, 2010. doi: 10.1122/1.3479389.
  84. Lee, P.C., Park, H.E., Morse, D.C., Macosko, C.W., “Polymer-polymer Interfacial Slip in Multilayered Films,” Journal of Rheology, 53, 893-915, 2009. doi: 10.1122/1.3114370.
  85. Lee, P.C., Kaewmesri, W., Wang, J., Park, C.B., Pumchusak, J., Folland, R., Praller, A., “Effect of Die Geometry on Foaming Behaviors of High-Melt-Strength Polypropylene with CO2,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 109, 3122-3132, 2008. doi: 10.1002/app.28204.
  86. Lee, P.C., Li, G., Lee, J.W.S., Park, C.B., “Improvement of Cell Opening by Maintaining a High Temperature Difference in the Surface and Core of a Foam Extrudate,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 43, 431-444, 2007. doi: 10.1177/0021955X07079150.
  87. Lee, P.C., Wang, J., Park, C.B., “Extrusion of Microcellular Open-Cell LDPE-Based Sheet Foams,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 102, 3376-3384, 2006. doi: 10.1002/app.24868.
  88. Naguib, H.E., Park, C.B., Lee, P.C., Xu, D., “A Study on the Foaming Behaviors of PP Resins with Talc as Nucleating Agent,” Journal of Polymer Engineering, 26, 565-587, 2006. doi: 10.1515/POLYENG.2006.26.6.565.
  89. Kaewmesri, W., Lee, P.C., Park, C.B., Pumchusak, J., “Effect of CO2 and Talc Contents on Foaming Behavior of Recyclable High-Melt-Strength PP,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 42, 405-428, 2006. doi: 10.1177/0021955X06066995.
  90. Park, C.B., Lee, P.C., Wang, J., Padareva, V., “Strategies for Achieving Microcellular LDPE Foams in Extrusion,” Cellular Polymers, 25, 1-18, 2006. doi: 10.1177/026248930602500101.
  91. Lee, P.C., Wang, J., Park, C.B., “Extruded Open-Cell Foams Using Two Semi-Crystalline Polymers with Different Crystallization Temperatures,” Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 45, 175-181, 2006. doi: 10.1021/ie050498j.
  92. Lee, P.C., Naguib, H.E., Park, C.B., Wang, J., “Increase of Open-Cell Content by Plasticizing Soft Regions with Secondary Blowing Agent,” Polymer Engineering and Science, 45, 1445-1451, 2005. doi: 10.1002/pen.20422.
  93. Park, C.B., Padareva, V., Lee, P.C., Naguib, H.E., “Extruded Open-Celled LDPE-based Foams Using Non-Homogeneous Melt Structure,” Journal of Polymer Engineering, 25, 239-260, 2005. doi: 10.1515/POLYENG.2005.25.3.239.
  94. Carter, R., Wang, J., Lee, P.C., Park, C.B., “Continuous Foam Extrusion of Rigid-Rod Polyphenylenes,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 41, 29-39, 2005. doi: 10.1177/0021955X05049871.
  95. Naguib, H.E., Park, C.B., Lee, P.C., “Effect of Talc Content on the Volume Expansion Ratio of Extruded PP Foams,” Journal of Cellular Plastics, 39, 499-511, 2003. doi: 10.1177/0021955X03039247.

Book Chapters

  1. Shen, X., Lee, P.C., “Chapter 13 – Polyimide Foam: Material Synthesis and Applications”, in: Volume 1 of Polymeric Foams: Fundamentals and Types of Foams, Gupta, R. ed., CRC Press, 1st Ed, Dec. 2023, eBook ISBN: 10.1021/bk-2023-1439.ch013.
  2. Su, T., Faysal, A.A., Zhao, J., Lee, P.C., “Chapter 6 – Nano-Layered Films and Foams”, in Polyester Films: Materials, Processes and Applications, Miko C., Jehuda G., and Bob W. ed., John Wiley and Sons, Inc., 1st Edition, Sep. 20, 2023, ISBN-13: 9781119535751
  3. Azdast, T., Hasanzadeh, R., Lee, R.E., Lee, P.C., Wang, G., Park, C.B., “Chapter 5 – High-Pressure Foam Injection Molding of Polylactide/Nano-Fibril Composites with Mold Opening”, in: Polymeric Foam; Environment and Innovations, Lee, S.T., ed., 1st Edition, CRC Press, pp. 129-139, 2022. eBook ISBN: 9781003166160. DOI: 10.1201/9781003166160.
  4. Kim, E.K., Lee, P.C., Barger, M., Dooley, J., “Chapter 23 – Material Selection, Design and Application,” in: Handbook of Thermoplastics, Olabisi O. and Adewale K. ed., CRC Press, 2nd Ed, Jan. 15, 2016, ISBN-13:978-1-4665-7723-7.
  5. Lee, P.C., and Park, C.B., “Chapter 14 – Extrusion of High-Density and Low-density Microcellular Plastics”, in: Foam Extrusion: Principles and Practice, Lee, St.T., and Park, C.B., eds., CRC Press, April 7, 2014, ISBN-13: 978-1-4398-9859-8.